Recent Submissions

2024-05-08
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Evaluating the effectiveness of a mobile app-based self-guided psychological interventions to reduce relapse in substance use disorder: protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Background: Substance Use Disorder (SUD) persists as a significant public health challenge worldwide, with an estimated prevalence of approximately 10-15% across the global populace. This condition is characterized by a notably high risk of lapses and relapses, even subsequent to treatment interventions. Mobile health interventions, owing to their widespread accessibility, emerge as a promising approach to diminish the risk of relapse post-treatment and to broaden the scope of care, especially in regions with a scarcity of trained medical professionals. Method: This study is designed to assess the effectiveness of mobile interventions in mitigating cravings and preventing lapses among individuals diagnosed with SUD. Employing a two-armed, randomized controlled trial framework, the study will evaluate a self-administered psychological intervention delivered through a mobile application, Nałogometr 2.0. Over a period of three months, participants will engage with intervention modules that primarily incorporate mindfulness techniques and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) principles. Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) will be utilized to gather longitudinal data on a range of variables that are indicative of craving intensity and the risk of lapse. In addition to this, a monthly-administered battery of questionnaires will be employed to gauge the severity of substance dependence, as well as to measure levels of anxiety, depression, and overall life satisfaction. Results: Results will be submitted for publication in peer-reviewed journals.
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2024-05-13
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Realizacja praw pacjenta przy udzielaniu teleporad w stanie epidemii COVID-19 z perspektywy decyzji wydanych w postępowaniach w sprawach praktyk naruszających zbiorowe prawa pacjentów

The article analyses the issues of the fulfilment of patients’ rights in the provision of teleconsultations in primary healthcare during the COVID-19 epidemic state from the viewpoint of the public law protection instrument being the institution of practices violating collective patients’ rights. This study aims to determine the practices of healthcare providers, which were verified by the Patients’ Rights Ombudsman in proceedings in case of practices violating collective patient’s rights. Moreover, the paper aims to identify particular manifestations of the violation of collective patients’ rights. According to the analysis, the aforementioned proceedings focused essentially on two categories of practices of healthcare providers. The first one involves the limitation or deprivation of patients of real possibility to register for an appointment within publicly funded healthcare which are exemplified by such practices as: not answering or rejecting the patients’ call and excessive waiting time for someone to answer the phone. The other group of practices constitutes the lack of full information about the conditions of providing teleconsultations in primary healthcare, which was required according to the organisational standard (absence of one, several, or all prescribed elements) on the website and on the premises of the clinic. Taking the above into consideration, it should be pointed out that the competence of the Patients’ Rights Ombudsman in conducting proceedings in case of practices violating collective patients’ rights has a real impact on the protection of patients’ rights in systemic terms.
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2024-05-16
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Characteristics of built food environments associated with alternative protein food choices: a systematic review

Grossi, Francesca
Chrysochou, Polymeros
Tore Nystrand, Bjørn
Perrea, Toula
Samoggia, Antonella
Xhelili, Arlind
Krystallis, Athanasios
Background This systematic review contributes to the understanding of the characteristics of built food environments that may be associated with choices of alternative protein foods (APF). Using the built food environment typology proposed by Downs et al., we investigated various environmental structures (e.g., supermarkets, other retailers, farmers’ markets, restaurants, schools, and online vendors) and the characteristics that may facilitate or hinder consumers’ choices. For example, facilitators and barriers may refer to the physical characteristics of environmental structures, food presentation practices, the organizational strategies or policies operating in the setting, or the actions that retailers or consumers engage in while selling, serving, choosing, trying, or purchasing APF in these environmental structures. Methods A systematic review (PROSPERO database preregistration; no. CRD42023388700) was conducted by searching 13 databases for peer-reviewed journals focusing on the fields of economics and business, agriculture, medical sciences, and social sciences. Data searches, coding, and quality evaluations were conducted by at least 2 researchers. A total of 31 papers (36 original studies) were included. The risk of bias was evaluated with the Joanna Briggs Institute quality evaluation tool, with 24 publications presenting low risk of bias. Results The findings indicate that perceived and actual availability facilitate consumers’ APF choices across a built food environment. Several barriers/facilitators were associated with APF choices in specific types of built food environments: the way food is presented in produce sections (supermarkets), consumer habits in terms of green and specialty shopping (grocery stores), and mismatches among retailer actions in regard to making APF available in one type of food environment structure (e-commerce) and consumers’ preferences for APF being available in other food environment structures (supermarkets, grocery stores). The effect of a barrier/facilitator may depend on the APF type; for example, social norms regarding masculinity were a barrier affecting plant-based APF choices in restaurants, but these norms were not a barrier affecting the choice of insect-based APF in restaurants. Conclusions Addressing barriers/facilitators identified in this review will help in developing environment-matching interventions that aim to make alternative proteins mainstream. Trial registration PROSPERO database registration: #CRD42023388700.
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2024-03-04
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Livestock and pets: validation of 72 pairs of photographs depicting dogs, cats, miniature rabbits, pigs, and cattle

Bartosiak, Dominika
This study had a correlational design and aimed to develop and validate a database of dual-perspective (entire face and ¾ face) face-focused photographs depicting pets (dogs, cats, miniature rabbits) and livestock animals (pigs and cattle). Participants (n = 268, 82% women, Mage = 28.2, SD = 8.5) viewed 72 pairs of photographs and evaluated each animal’s similarity across two photographs, as well as their valence, typicality, familiarity, cuteness, and dangerousness. The results confirmed that livestock animals received lower ratings in terms of similarity across the two photographs and were perceived as less positively valenced, less typical, less familiar, less cute, and more dangerous compared with pets. Furthermore, individual characteristics were found to be related to the perception of animals. Compared with non-owners, pet owners rated both livestock and pets more positively valenced and cuter. Additionally, the frequency of meat consumption was associated with perceiving livestock animals as less positively valenced, less cute, and more dangerous. The database provides realistic and valid stimuli, which have the potential to facilitate investigations into animal perception and recognition within the context of human–animal relationships.
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2024
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Standards in the IT industry – the developers’ perspective

Purpose: The aim of this article was to present the typology of information technology standards and to explore their importance for programmers. Design/methodology/approach: The research was exploratory in nature, and based on grounded theory and ethnography. The tool used to collect data were interviews. Findings: On the basis of the research it is concluded that standards were of utmost importance to the respondents, and were a thing that allowed them to work efficiently. Research limitations/implications: The conducted research was qualitative and inductive. For this reason, there is limited possibility of making generalizations about the results. Originality/value: The paper presents important findings that might increase the work efficiency of programmers. Additionally the research was conducted using a relatively uncommon approach in IT and management field (grounded theory, ethnography, qualitative methods, interviews).
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