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  • 2024-03-04
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    Livestock and pets: validation of 72 pairs of photographs depicting dogs, cats, miniature rabbits, pigs, and cattle

    Bartosiak, Dominika
    This study had a correlational design and aimed to develop and validate a database of dual-perspective (entire face and ¾ face) face-focused photographs depicting pets (dogs, cats, miniature rabbits) and livestock animals (pigs and cattle). Participants (n = 268, 82% women, Mage = 28.2, SD = 8.5) viewed 72 pairs of photographs and evaluated each animal’s similarity across two photographs, as well as their valence, typicality, familiarity, cuteness, and dangerousness. The results confirmed that livestock animals received lower ratings in terms of similarity across the two photographs and were perceived as less positively valenced, less typical, less familiar, less cute, and more dangerous compared with pets. Furthermore, individual characteristics were found to be related to the perception of animals. Compared with non-owners, pet owners rated both livestock and pets more positively valenced and cuter. Additionally, the frequency of meat consumption was associated with perceiving livestock animals as less positively valenced, less cute, and more dangerous. The database provides realistic and valid stimuli, which have the potential to facilitate investigations into animal perception and recognition within the context of human–animal relationships.
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  • 2024
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    Standards in the IT industry – the developers’ perspective

    Purpose: The aim of this article was to present the typology of information technology standards and to explore their importance for programmers. Design/methodology/approach: The research was exploratory in nature, and based on grounded theory and ethnography. The tool used to collect data were interviews. Findings: On the basis of the research it is concluded that standards were of utmost importance to the respondents, and were a thing that allowed them to work efficiently. Research limitations/implications: The conducted research was qualitative and inductive. For this reason, there is limited possibility of making generalizations about the results. Originality/value: The paper presents important findings that might increase the work efficiency of programmers. Additionally the research was conducted using a relatively uncommon approach in IT and management field (grounded theory, ethnography, qualitative methods, interviews).
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  • 2024-05
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    In the name of “endangered nations” and “unsovereign states”? Official discourses of radical right movement parties and social movement organizations in Poland and Germany

    Myrczik, Janina
    Karolak, Mateusz
    The political landscape of the radical right has long been a major discussion point in the political and social sciences. By considering the variety of radical right organizations (movement parties and non-parliamentary organizations) and the particular national and transnational political and discursive opportunity structures, the paper aims at a comparative analysis of the main discursive frames present in political programs and manifestoes of radical right social movement organizations and movement parties in Poland (Konfederacja Wolność i Niepodległość and Obóz Narodowo-Radykalny) and Germany (Alternative für Deutschland and Identitäre Bewegung Deutschland). Moreover, based on approaches developed by Cas Mudde and Jens Rydgren, this article analyses how the features presumed essential to the radical right (nativism, authoritarianism and populism) are reflected and interconnected in the official discourses of the selected radical right organizations.
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  • 2024-04-25
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    The psoriasis severity, dermatology life quality index and sleep quality: The role of itch intensity and depression

    Aim of the study: To better understand the origin of sleep quality impairment among psoriasis patients, we sought to examine whether the psoriasis severity, health related life quality, itch and depression are significant predictors of sleep disruption; and whether itch intensity and depression are mediators of the relationship between the health- related life quality and sleep problems. Subject or material and methods: 42 patients diagnosed with chronic plaque psoriasis, (female: 40.5%; mean age=44.48 years; SD=17.57, age range=21-82) completed Polish versions of: the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Centre for Epidemiological Studies - Depression scale (CES-D). The itch intensity was measured according to the 10-point visual analogue scale (VAS). The Severity of patient’s psoriasis was evaluated by using The Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI), health related life quality was assessed using the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). Results: The stronger the negative effect of psoriasis on patients’ life as measured by Dermatology Life Quality Index, the greater the sleep disturbances. Discussion: The results confirm that poor health- related quality of life may account for higher sleep ditrubances among psoriasis patients, and suggest that this negative effect reveals itself, through enhancing depression. Conclusions: It seems that a greater therapeutic focus on health related quality of life in psoriasis patients may lead to an improvement in their sleep quality.
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  • 2024-04
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    Compensatory health beliefs in women in the first, second and third trimester of pregnancy

    Background: Compensatory health beliefs may serve as one of many self-regulatory strategies that individuals employ to maintain healthy lifestyles. Past research with samples from a general population has shown, however, that compensatory beliefs are ineffective in this regard and may even lead to inaction in future health-related behaviors such as eating healthily or being active. To better understand this phenomenon, in the present study, changes in compensatory health beliefs regarding various life domains were examined in a group of pregnant women. Participants and procedure: In a longitudinal study design, 166 women completed questionnaires in the first (t1), the second (t2), and the third (t3) tri-mester of their pregnancies. We assessed the level of their self-control as a trait (t1, t2, t3), compensatory health beliefs (t1, t2, t3), and unhealthy snacking (t3). Results: As predicted, self-control as a trait decreased and the levels of compensatory beliefs increased over time. A linear mixed ef-fects analysis showed that self-control was the best predictor of compensatory beliefs in the third trimester. Finally, com-pensatory health beliefs in the third trimester mediated the effect of self-control at the beginning of pregnancy on un-healthy snacking in the third trimester. Conclusions: It appears important to support pregnant women in opting for constructive self-regulatory strategies, especially in their final trimesters, when coping resources are exhausted by the challenges of this period.
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