Testing the spillover effect of intimate partner violence (IPV) victimisation on emotionally abusive and harsh parenting practices: The application of propensity score matching

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Dębowska, Agata
Inglot, Grzegorz
Piasek, Rafał
Sokol, Grzegorz
Horeczy, Beata
Hales, George K.
Boduszek, Daniel
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Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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0886-2605
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2024-05-15
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Abstract EN
Prior research reported a significant association between intimate partner violence (IPV) victimisation and negative parenting, but there was an overreliance on U.S. samples and families from low socioeconomic status backgrounds. Therefore, this quasi-experimental study examined the association between recent IPV victimisation and abusive parenting practices in a sample of community-based women from Poland. Participants were mothers of children aged 2-5 years (N = 610) attending an outpatient clinic located in a city in southeastern Poland. Mothers were asked about their IPV experiences in the past 12 months and were classed as either IPV positive or IPV negative. Outcome measures assessed emotionally abusive and harsh parenting practices. All data were collected online. To reduce bias in background characteristics (i.e., age, education, employment status, financial distress, self-esteem, childhood violence history, alcohol problems, current mental distress, social support, exposure to COVID-19 pandemic related stressors, and child sex), we applied propensity score matching (PSM) technique. Group differences before and after matching were examined using independent samples t-tests. Pre-matching analyses revealed that IPV positive mothers used significantly more emotionally abusive and harsh parenting practices than IPV negative mothers. However, the two samples differed substantially on six background characteristics which are known risk factors for IPV and child maltreatment (financial distress, self-esteem, childhood violence history, current mental distress, social support, and exposure to COVID-19 pandemic related stressors). PSM was successful in reducing those imbalances. Post-matching group comparisons were statistically non significant for emotionally abusive and harsh parenting, disproving the spillover hypothesis. We conclude that IPV victimisation is not related to emotionally abusive and harsh parenting practices when controlling for confounding variables.
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Keywords PL
Keywords EN
Intimate partner violence (IPV) victimisation
Emotionally abusive parenting
Harsh parenting
Propensity score matching (PSM)
Quasi-experiment
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Acquisition Date18.05.2024
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Acquisition Date18.05.2024
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