Obedience to authority as a function of the physical proximity of the student, teacher, and experimenter

StatusPost-Print
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Authors
Doliński, Dariusz
Grzyb, Tomasz
Monograph
Monograph (alternative title)
Date
2024
Publisher
Journal title
The Journal of Social Psychology
Issue
Volume
Pages
Pages
1-13
ISSN
0022-4545
1940-1183
ISSN of series
Access date
2025-05-15
Abstract PL
Abstract EN
The authors are proposing a theoretical model explaining the behavior of individuals tested through experiments on obedience toward authority conducted according to Milgram’s paradigm. Their assumption is that the participant faces typical avoidance-avoidance conflict conditions. Participant does not want to hurt the learner in the adjacent room but he or she also does not want to harm the experimenter. The solution to this conflict, entailing hurting on of the two, may be different depending on the spatial organization of the experiment. In the study, experimental conditions were modified, so that the participant was (vs. was not) in the same room as the experimenter and was (vs. was not) in the same room as the learner. Forty individuals (20 women and 20 men) were tested in each of the four experimental conditions. It turns out that the physical presence of the experimenter was conducive to obedience, while the physical presence of the learner reduced it.
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Keywords PL
Keywords EN
Milgram paradigm
obedience
physical proximity
Keywords other
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cc-by-nc-nd
Except as otherwise noted, this item is licensed under the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence | Permitted use of copyrighted works
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